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Celebrating Valentine's Day

People naturally like occasions of happiness and pleasure,
whether private or public, including Eids. For the sake of this inclination,
Islam came with the legitimacy of the Fitr and Adha Eids.Two valid  Eids in the
year, and Allah has legislated in them (reasonable) spending and the showing of
happiness which people need, in addition to a weekly  Eid which is Friday. And
this is part of the mercy of Allah upon this nation of Mohammad (peace be upon

If we look at the celebrations that other nations have, we will find that they
have quite a number of them: one for each national occasion and season, Mother's
Day, Labor Day, a day for agriculture and so on, to the extent that there is
barely a month without a specific eid.  All this is from their innovation.


The modern St. Valentine's Day celebrations are said to
have been derived from both ancient Christian and Roman tradition. As per one
legend, the holiday has originated from the ancient Roman festival of Lupercalis/Lupercalia,
a fertility celebration that used to observed annually on February 15. But the
rise of Christianity in Europe saw many pagan holidays being renamed for and
dedicated to the early Christian martyrs. Lupercalia was no exception. In 496
AD, Pope Gelasius turned Lupercalia into a Christian feast day and set its
observance a day earlier, on February 14. He proclaimed February 14 to be the
feast day in honor of Saint Valentine, a Roman martyr who lived in the 3rd
century. It is this St.valatine whom the modern Valentine's Day honors.

According to the Catholic Encyclopedia, there were at least three early
Christian saints by the name of Valentine. While one was a priest in Rome,
another was a bishop in Terni. Nothing is known about the third St. Valentine
except that he met his end in Africa. Surprisingly, all three of them were said
to have been martyred on14 Feb. It is clear that Pope Gelasius intended to honor
the first of these three aforementioned men. Most scholars believe that this St.
Valentine was a priest who lived around 270 AD in Rome and attracted the
disfavor of Roman emperor Claudius who ruled   during this time.

The story of St. Valentine has two different versions - the Protestant and the
Catholic one. Both versions agree upon Saint Valentine being a bishop who held
secret marriage ceremonies of soldiers in opposition to Claudius II who had
prohibited marriage for young men and was executed by the latter. During the
lifetime of Valentine, the golden era of Roman Empire had almost come to an end.
Lack of quality administrators led to frequent civil strife. Education declined,
taxation increased and trade witnessed a very bad time. The Roman Empire faced
crisis from all sides, from the Gauls, Slavs, Huns, Turks and Mongolians from
Northern Europe and Asia. The empire had grown too large to be shielded from
external aggression and internal chaos with existing forces. Naturally, more and
more capable men were required to to be recruited as soldiers and officers to
protect the nation from takeover. When Claudius became the emperor, he felt that
married men were more emotionally attached to their families, and thus, will not
make good soldiers. He believed that marriage made the men weak. So he issued an
edict forbidding marriage to assure quality soldiers.

The ban on marriage was a great shock for the Romans. But they dared not voice
their protest against the mighty emperor. The kindly bishop Valentine also
realized the injustice of the decree. He saw the trauma of young lovers who gave
up all hopes of being united in marriage. He planned to counter the monarch's
orders in secrecy. Whenever lovers thought of marrying, whenever lovers thought
of marrying, they went to Valentine who met them afterwards in a secret place,
and joined them in the sacrament of matrimony. And thus he secretly performed
many marriages for young lovers. But such things cannot remain hidden for long.
It was only a matter of time before Claudius came to know of this "friend of
lovers," and had him arrested.

While awaiting his sentence in prison, Valentine was approached by his jailor,
Asterius. It was said that Valentine had some saintly abilities and one of them
granted him the power to heal people. Asterius had a blind daughter and knowing
of the miraculous powers of Valentine he requested the latter to restore the
sight of his blind daughter. The Catholic legend has it that Valentine did this
through the vehicle of his strong faith, a phenomenon refuted by the Protestant
version which agrees otherwise with the Catholic one. Whatever the fact, it
appears that Valentine in some way did succeed to help Asterius' blind daughter.

When Claudius II met Valentine, he was said to have been impressed by the
dignity and conviction of the latter. However, Valentine refused to agree with
the emperor regarding the ban on marriage. It is also said that the emperor
tried to convert Valentine to the Roman gods but was unsuccessful in his
efforts. Valentine refused to recognize Roman Gods and even attempted to convert
the emperor, knowing the consequences fully. This angered Claudius II who gave
the order of execution of Valentine.

Meanwhile, a deep friendship had been formed between Valentine and Asterius'
daughter. It caused great grief to the young girl to hear of his friend's
imminent death. It is said that just before his execution, Valentine asked for a
pen and paper from his jailor, and signed a farewell message to her "From Your
Valentine," a phrase that lived ever after. As per another legend, Valentine
fell in love with the daughter of his jailer during his imprisonment. However,
however, this legend is not given much importance by historians. The most
plausible story surrounding St. Valentine is one not centered on Eros
(passionate love) but on agape (Christian love): he was martyred for refusing to
renounce his religion. Valentine is believed to have been executed on February
14, 270 AD.

Thus 14th February became a day for all lovers and Valentine became its Patron
Saint. It began to be annually observed by young Romans who offered handwritten
greetings of affection, known as Valentines, on this day to the women they
admired. With the coming of Christianity, the day came to be known as St.
Valentine's Day.

 By the middle Ages, Valentine became as popular as to become one of the most
popular saints in England and France. Despite attempts by the Christian church
to sanctify the holiday, the association of Valentine's Day with romance and
courtship continued through the middle Ages. The holiday evolved over the
centuries. By the 18th century, gift-giving and exchanging hand-made cards on
Valentine's Day had become common in England. Hand-made valentine cards made of
lace, ribbons, and featuring cupids and hearts began to be created on this day
and handed over to the man or woman one loved. This tradition eventually spread
to the American colonies. It was not until the 1840s that Valentine's Day
greeting cards began to be commercially produced in the U.S. The first American
Valentine's Day greeting cards were created by Esther A. Howlanda Mount Holyoke,
a graduate and native of Worcester. Mass. Howland, known as the Mother of the
Valentine, made elaborate creations with real lace, ribbons and colorful
pictures known as "scrap". It was when Howland began Valentine's cards in a
large scale that the tradition really caught on in the United States.

Today, Valentine's Day is one of the major holidays in the U.S. and has become a
booming commercial success. According to the Greeting Card Association, 25% of
all cards sent each year are "valentines. The "valentines", as Valentine's Day
cards are better known as, are often designed with hearts to symbolize love. The
Valentine's Day card spread with Christianity, and is now celebrated all over
the world. One of the earliest valentines was sent in 1415 AD by Charles, Duke
of Orleans, to his wife during his imprisonment in the Tower of London. The card
is now preserved in the British Museum.

There may be doubts regarding the actual identity of Valentine, but we know that
he really existed because archaeologists have recently unearthed a Roman
catacomb and an ancient church dedicated to a Saint Valentine.


Because Valentine's Day goes back to Roman times, not
Islamic times, this means that it is something which belongs exclusively to the
Christians, not to Islam, and the Muslims have no share and no part in it


The Muslim's attitude towards Valentine's Day 


Based on what Ibn Taymiyah said, it is not permissible for
Muslim businessmen to deal in gifts for Valentine's Day, whether they are
particular kinds of clothes, red roses, or whatever. Similarly, it is not
permissible for the one who is given a gift on this occasion to accept it,
because by accepting it, he is showing approval of this holiday. 


1).The Fatwa of Sheikh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-˜Uthaymeen
(may Allah have mercy on him) 



The Fatwa of Sheikh ˜Abd-Allah ibn ˜Abd al-Rahmaan ibn Jibreen   



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